Columbia Global Centers | Paris

 

Wellcome collection

Image Credit: Wellcome Collection, Prof. Bill Harris, Dr Flavio Dell'Acqua

 

THE THREE SOULS

in the History of Medicine and Natural Philosophy

5-6 October 2018

Reid Hall, Grande Salle

4 rue de Chevreuse  75006

 

A conference convened by Noga Arikha and Justin E. H. Smith

 

Keynote Speaker

Siri Hustvedt, novelist, essayist, New York

 

Speakers

George Makari, psychiatrist, historian of psychiatry, Cornell Weill, NY

Kathryn Tabb, philosopher, historian of philosophy, bioethicist, Columbia University, NY

Sophia Connell, classicist, Birkbeck College, University of London

Guido Giglioni, historian, University of Macerata

Manos Tsakiris, neuroscientist, Royal Holloway, Warburg Institute, London

Didier Sicard, internist, bioethicist, essayist, Paris

Marta Spranzi, historian and philosopher of science, Versailles

Laura Bossi, neurologist, historian of science, Paris

Charles Wolfe, historian and philosopher of science, Ghent

Philippe Huneman, philosopher of biology, CNRS, Paris 1 Sorbonne

Laurent Cohen, neurologist, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière

Justin E.H. Smith, historian and philosopher of science, Paris 7

Noga Arikha, historian of ideas, philosopher, writer, Sphere, Paris

 

The concept of soul seems to have outlived its use long ago. Yet, our increasing capacity to transform our bodies, and interfere in the very processes of birth and death, is accompanied by urgent questions about the nature of identity, the individual, consciousness, and the living organism. Debates in bioethics address these issues, but their public understanding is confused. Meanwhile, confusions abound regarding what the boundaries might be between the animate and the inanimate, the animal and the human, the organic and the mechanical.

We believe that a historical perspective will help understand where medicine, the sciences of mind and the life sciences stand at present with regard to these notions. It is high time to reassess the various uses of the historical idea of soul, ever since its conception by Plato as a unique spiritual substance and its division by Aristotle into three hierarchical parts. This tripartite soul survived in some form or other for over two thousand years, as an explanatory structure for everything from animal generation to higher consciousness. In the light of today’s debates regarding the relation between mind and brain and concomitant bioethical dilemmas, this persistent model requires in-depth examination.

Our conference will offer an opportunity for a dialogue between scientists, clinicians, and philosophers on the one hand, and historians of science and ideas on the other. The programme will create an unusual combination of a diachronic, historical approach with a synchronic, philosophical one.

 

 

Programme

 

Friday 5 October

1:30-1:45 Arrival, coffee

1:45-2:00 Welcome and presentation by Noga Arikha and Justin E. H. Smith

 

Introduction

2:00-2:30 Laura Bossi: The Three Souls: A Brief History of a Pervasive Idea

2:30-2:45 Discussion

 

Session 1

2:45-3:15 Sophia Connell: The Three Souls in Aristotle’s Biology

3:15-3:45 Karl-Léo Schwering: Animism and the Work of Identification in Medicine: The Case of Organ Transplantation

3:45-4:00 Discussion

 

4:00-4:15 Coffee break

 

Session 2

4:15-4:45 Guido Giglioni: Galen on Selfhood in the Renaissance

4:45-5:15 Philippe Huneman: The Three Souls, the Two Lives, and the Functions: Some Remarks on Natural History, Experimental Physiology, and Kantianism

5:15-5:30 Discussion

 

5:30-6:00 General discussion

 

6:00-7:30 Cocktails

 

Saturday 6 October

8:45-9:00 Coffee

 

Session 3

9:00-9:30 Justin E.H. Smith: The Fourth Soul: Aristotle on Air as Ambient psukhē

9:30-10:00 George Makari: Soul Machine: The Invention of the Modern Mind

10:00-10:15 Discussion

 

Session 4

10:15-10:45 Laurent Cohen: The Fragmented Soul

10:45-11:15 Noga Arikha: Psyche, Soma, and the Self

11:15-11:30 Discussion

 

11:30-11:45 Coffee break

 

11:45-12:15 General discussion

 

 

Session 5

2:00-2:30 Kathryn Tabb: Madness in the Sensitive Soul

2:30-3:00 Didier Sicard: The Body’s Soul

3:00-3:15 Discussion

 

Session 6

3:15-3:45 Charles T. Wolfe: Trajectories in the Naturalisation of the Soul: Mind and Life

3:45-4:15 Marta Spranzi: Disorders of Consciousness, Neuroimaging and the Illusion of Objective Ethical Standards

4:15-4:30 Discussion

 

4:30-4:45 Coffee break

 

4:45-5:15 Manos Tsakiris: Heartfelt Self: Going Beyond Cardiocentrism and Encephalocentrism 

 

5:15-5:45 General discussion

 

Break

 

Keynote

6:00-6:45 Siri Hustvedt: Never Mind, or: Plato, Placebo, Placenta

6:45-7:00 Discussion

 

7:00 Cocktails

 

READ ABSTRACTS

 

In partnership with

Paris diderotUSPChpsla personne en médecine



Pour vous inscrire à cet événement, entrez votre adresse email ci-dessous. *





* Les informations recueillies sont nécessaires pour votre adhésion.
Elles font l'objet d'un traitement informatique et sont destinées au secrétariat de Columbia Global Centers | Europe.
En application des articles 39 et suivants de la loi du 6 janvier 1978 modifié,
vous bénéficiez d'un droit d'accès et de rectification aux informations qui vous concernent.
Si vous souhaitez exercer ce droit et obtenir communication des informations vous concernant,
veuillez vous adresser à : paris.cgc@columbia.edu.